Advantages of R&D in Slovakia

 

 

  • Lower personnel R&D costs and cost-effectiveness in R&D

 

Indicator

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009*)

Expenditures on R & D in total

202 002

214 659

210 206

232 898

231 210

249 067

267 650

282 629

316 459

302 994

of which Capital expenditures

17 059

16 685

17 528

25 797

24 641

26 508

27 742

28 878

29 261

31 137

Current expenditures

184 943

197 974

192 678

207 101

206 569

222 559

239 908

253 751

287 198

271 857

 

 

Expenditures on research and development by source of funding 2)

 

- from public sources

86 043

88 561

92 704

118 398

132 058

150 720

160 986

164 161

179 361

166 714

- from privat sources

115 958

126 098

117 501

114 500

99 152

98 347

106 664

118 468

137 098

136 280

 

 

Share of expenditures on R & D in GDP (%)

0,65

0,63

0,57

0,58

0,51

0,51

0,49

0,46

0,47

0,48

 

 

R & D expenditure in selected areas of R & D performance

 

Biotechnology

 

 

 

 

 

17 162

7 393

7 409

9 913

8 255

New materials

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 534

7 247

22 421

10 741

Nanotechnology and nanomaterials

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 982

2 631

2 497

2 644

Information and communication technologies

 

 

 

 

 

 

13 518

12 456

13 603

14 782

- of which software

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 769

8 944

1 875

2 324

 

 

Of which from state budget

 

Biotechnology

 

 

 

 

 

9 503

5 819

5 820

6 774

5 871

New materials

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 305

2 733

8 551

5 306

Nanotechnology and nanomaterials

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 485

1 606

1 758

1 792

Information and communication technologies

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 283

2 953

6 033

4 751

- of which software

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 589

1 342

1 010

1 360 

source: www.statistics.sk

 

Note: the data are based on the conversion rate of EUR=SKK 30,126
1) in 2001 and 2004 aggregate volume of expenditures in export from external sources is included into private resources, from 2005 also external sources are divided
 
*) preliminary data

 

  • Competitive R&D environment (good combination of domestic and foreign R&D institutions
    and centres, continual building of R&D networks)
  • Sophisticated industrial processes

 

Production process sophistication (Rank out 133 countries)  
Japan (1) 6,4
Slovakia (37) 4,4
Poland (45) 4,1
Romania (74) 3,4
Bulgaria (92) 3,2

Source: The Global Competitiveness Report 2009-2010, World Economic Forum, 2010

Note: In your country, how sophisticated are production processes? (1 = not at all—labor-intensive methods or previous generations of process technology prevail; 7 = highly—the world’s best and most efficient process technology prevails)

  • Presence of High-Tech and Midlle High-tech industry
  • Excellent geographical location – connection with Ukraine and Russia
  • Lower cost of innovation
  • Growing interest of foreign investors in R&D investment and presence of new foreign R&D centres
  • Availability of scientists and engineers

 

Availability of scientists and engineers (Rank out 133 countries)  
Finland (1) 6,0
Slovakia (52) 4,4
Romania (56) 4,3
Poland (58) 4,3
Bulgaria (88) 3,9

Source: The Global Competitiveness Report 2009-2010, World Economic Forum, 2010

Note: Scientists and engineers in your country are (1 = nonexistent or rare, 7 = widely available)

Indicator

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009*)

Head counts as of Dec. 31.

R & D personnel - total

22 256

21 997

21 025

20 928

22 217

22 294

23 120

23 437

23 641

25 388

of which women

-

-

9 099

9 300

9 650

9 662

10 175

10 468

10 467

11 220

Researchers

15 747

15 923

15 385

16 108

17 354

17 526

18 816

19 375

19 814

21 832

Technicians and equiv.personnel

4 406

4 108

3 792

3 229

3 108

2 986

3 038

2 932

2 698

2 491

Supporting staf

2 103

1 966

1 848

1 591

1 755

1 782

1 266

1 130

1 129

1 065

 

FTE 1)

R & D personnel - total

15 221,0

14 422,5

13 631,3

13 353,6

14 328,9

14 403,6

15 027,9

15 421,0

15 576,1

15 951,6

of which women

6 823,3

6 533,6

6 162,6

6 113,8

6 423,1

6 371,6

6 782,2

6 886,1

7 020,9

7 134,0

Researchers

9 955,0

9 584,8

9 181,1

9 626,5

10 717,8

10 920,6

11 775,9

12 354,2

12 587,3

13 290,0

Technicians and equiv.personnel

3 596,8

3 323,2

3 032,2

2 483,3

2 402,5

2 244,8

2 283,5

2 237,9

2 117,0

1 880,2

Supporting staf

1 669,2

1 514,5

1 418,0

1 243,8

1 208,6

1 238,2

968,5

828,9

871,8

781,4

source: www.statistics.sk

Note: 1) equivalent of full working time
*) preliminary data

 

  • Dominating R&D tradition in technical sciences

 

Structure of GERD in % by field of science          
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Natural sciences 29,2 29,2 28 29,3 25,9
Technological sciences 37,7 42,1 40,5 40,7 46,6
Medical and pharm.sciences 10,8 9,2 10,3 9,7 8
Agricultural sciences 12,2 9,9 10,5 9,1 8,6
Social sciences 8,4 7,1 7,6 8,4 7,8
Humanities 1,6 2,7 3,1 2,8 3,1

Source: Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2009        

Note: GERD - Gross domestic expenditure on R&D

  • Opportunities for building local and regional R&D centres and Design Centres
    for process improvement (optimizing existing production facilities
    in term of processes innovation)
  • Openness of universities for cooperation
  • Local government R&D incentives
  • Intellectual property protected through a set of fully implemented EU intellectual property directives
    and complete  set of ratified international intellectual property protection treaties

 

Highly perspective opportunities for Doing business in R&D:

-    R&D in Automotive Industry and Supplier Sector
-    R&D in Electrotechnics and Electronics
-    R&D in ICT and Software Development
-    R&D in Energetics and Renewable Energy Sources
-    R&D in New Materials and Lightweight Materials
-    R&D in Medical Technologies and Welfare & Care

 

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